Heel Pain / Plantar Fascitis / Plantar Fasciosis
Cause: Foot muscle weakness and imbalance. Several causes including wearing shoes that don’t fit well or are worn out.
Cause: Weak abductor and adductor muscles on the inside and outside of the foot. Depending on factors such as duration of wearing constraining footwear, skeletal maturity, and individual factors, the toes can become adapted to the new position and lead to the deformity we know as a bunion. Genetics can also play a role in developing bunions.
An imbalance of the tendons (either above or below the toe) causing toe(s) to curl. Also called a mallet toe.
Cause: Weakness of the transverse arch (knuckles) of the foot. Wearing improper footwear — shoes that are too tight in the toe box or shoes that have high heels. Genetics can also play a role in developing a hammertoe.
Cause: Sports that place tremendous pounding on the ball of the foot; shoes with small toe boxes that cramp your toes.
Most, if not all, of the above foot pain issues can arise by not wearing proper shoes and not using preventative steps in foot care.
Corns & Callouses
Areas of thick, hard skin. Corns are hard, thick skin that forms on your toe, while a callous is thick, hard skin that has forms elsewhere on your foot.
Cause: Usually caused by rubbing or irritation over a boney prominence. A boney prominence is often due to muscle weakness and malposition of foot bones.
Cause: Many factors can cause ingrown toenails, one being tight or narrow shoes (poorly fitted shoes)